Chalmers (2011), 557. If simple verbality is characterized by the best interpretation of the parties, then Chalmers` dialectical analythia is more or less synonymous with what I call irrévistion elsewhere for a subject. (see Balcerak Jackson). Verbal conflicts often arise from factual conflicts where differences of opinion are linked to differences of opinion on facts, not on importance. If anyone thinks That Sydney is the capital of Australia and others disagree, the disagreement is objective. There are two main ways to resolve a purely verbal quarrel when talking about the different meanings of a key term. First, the various parties may not agree on the use of the term. For example, Teachers A and B might agree that they have provided two different pre-quote definitions of “best student,” and that both are legitimate, and they may agree that Cindy is the best student under one interpretation and that Betty is the best student among another interpretation. Hirsch (2011b), 228-229. Hirsch changed his relationship somewhat in response to the concern for anti-individualism in the style of the castle (see Castle of 1979). The concern seems to be that, while anti-individualism is true, the better overall interpretation of the various parties does not reflect the actual social meanings of their statements.
But change is not necessary: as we have seen, the facts of interpretation do not need to follow the literal meanings of the parties` words to provide a good basis for the diagnosis of mere verbality. However, there are situations in which the parties involved must choose a particular interpretation. For example, there may be only one prize to be awarded to the best student, so it is necessary to choose between the two definitions to decide whether Cindy or Betty should receive the award. This is therefore the second way to resolve a verbal dispute with two definitions – we opt for a precise definition by looking very carefully at the function it should serve. If, in the example on the exam, you have to choose between teacher definitions A and B, which you will choose the definition of and why? Sidelle, A. (2007). The method of verbal dispute. Philosophical themes, 35, 83-113. Roberts, C. (1996). Structure of information in discourse: towards an integrated formal theory of pragmatism. Ohio State Working Papers in Linguistics, Volume 49: Papers in Semantics, 91-136.
Can you cite your own examples of factual and verbal conflicts? I would like to thank several people for their helpful discussion and comments on the different designs of this material. In particular, I thank my partner and colleague Magdalena Balcerak Jackson for her many enlightening and patient discussions.